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Sri Lanka is one of the countries of origin of Ayurveda and will delight you with dreamlike beaches, lush vegetation, millennia-old cultural sites and last but not least distinctive hospitality.

Sri Lanka - the small tropical paradise in the Indian Ocean - has had many names in its long history: The Greeks called it Taprobans, the Arabs - Serendip, first colonial rulers from Portugal - Ceilao, the English - Ceylon. Today, the people proudly call their country Sri Lanka - the royal shining country.

Island state and tropical paradise

The island nation of Sri Lanka is 700 km north of the equator, stretches for about 400 km from north to south and 220 km from east to west. The average temperature on the coast is 30 °C, in the central highlands at around 2,000 meters it is around 16 °C.

With 65,610 sq km slightly smaller than Bavaria, Sri Lanka offers everything you could want from a tropical paradise in the smallest of spaces: dreamlike, palm-lined beaches, lush vegetation inland, rice fields in the richest shades of green, millennia-old cultural sites, mystical temples, friendly people, Asian Hospitality and much much more ... Marco Polo described Sri Lanka as "the most beautiful island of its size" for a reason. Anyone who has visited this beautiful country will never forget it.

What to know about Sri Lanka: official language and social diversity

Sri Lanka is an ethnically very heterogeneous country with a population of approximately 22 million people. Around 74.9 percent, and thus the vast majority, are Sinhalese, with 15.4% the Tamil group is the largest minority in the country. About eight percent of the population are descendants of Arab and Malay Muslims. There are also the Veddahs, former indigenous people of Sri Lanka, who are, however, only estimated at a few thousand. The Burgher, a formerly extremely influential group of Eurasians of mixed Dutch or Portuguese descent, now live mostly abroad. In Sri Lanka, they make up less than one percent of the population.

The division of religions is just as diverse as the ethnic groups. The majority of the Sinhalese and thus also the entire population of Sri Lanka are committed to Buddhism (70.2 percent). The majority of the Tamils ​​belong to Hinduism (12.6 percent). There are also 9.7 percent Muslims and 7.4 percent Christians.

Social diversity is also reflected in the language: Sinhala, Tamil and English are the official languages.

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